Indoor air pollutants & their effects


Checking indoor air quality

The list below is not an exhaustive list of air pollutants. If you do suffer from some of the symptoms mentioned it is important to make sure that indoor air quality is causing these effects.

Contact the right people

If you believe that the air quality of your building is affecting your health, your first point of contact should be the building maintenance company. Together you can work out whether it is the indoor air quality in the building that is affecting your wellbeing.

Testing and analysis

To help determine indoor air quality Airlab use the latest technology and offer an extensive range of tests and air analysis services that can help you discover if there’s something in the air.

Indoor Air Pollutants Sources Health Effects
Carbon Monoxide (CO) Furnaces, gas stoves, space heaters, vehicle exhausts Headaches, nausea, impaired manual dexterity, impaired vision, impaired ability to learn, unconsciousness.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Tobacco smoke, metabolism and expired air from lungs Drowsiness, headache, irregular breathing.
Nitrogen Oxide(NOx) Combustion by-products, space heaters, gas heaters Headaches, nausea, bronchitis, emphysema pleural edema, CNS effects.
Asbestos Fire retardant materials in ceiling tiles and ventilation shafts, insulation, cement powders, roofing felts and shingles Non-malignant respiratory tract diseases, bronchial gastrointestinal and genitourinary cancer, mesothelioma.
Formaldehyde (HCHO) Urea-formaldehyde foam insulation, particle board, plywood, aerosols, tobacco, smoke, flame retardant, crush-proof and shrink-proof fabrics Respiratory, eye and skin irritations, sensitisation, headaches, nausea, suspect carcinogen.
Hydrocarbons and Other Organic chemicals (Toluene, Xylene, Benzene) Copier toner, floor and furniture polish, cleaning products, aerosols, paint, carpet adhesives, office glues, liquid paper eraser products, pesticides ENT and respiratory irritations, dermatitis, headaches, nausea, cumulative bone marrow damage.
Ozone (O3) Photocopiers, electrical machines, automobile exhaust Respiratory and eye irritations, decreased visual acuity, pleural edema.
Tobacco smoke Cigarettes, cigars, pipes Allergies, respiratory and eye irritations.
Micro-organisms (Fungi, Bacteria, Viruses and Spores) Air conditioning and humidifying systems, indoor vegetation Allergies, respiratory and eye irritations.
Fibreglass Insulation materials Respiratory and skin irritations.
Pesticides Foliage sprays and powders, building premises sprays and powders, carpets, furniture, upholstery Respiratory system and eye irritations, neurological and liver damage, cancer